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Novosti News

19.10.2019. 11:37
Židovi u Americi
 
America’s 7.5 million Jews are older, whiter and more liberal than the country as a whole

BY BEN SALES OCTOBER 7, 2019 , NEW YORK (JTA) 

In the past seven years, the American Jewish population has grown 10 percent.


It remains a population that is mostly liberal, college educated and overwhelmingly white. And it’s not getting any younger. This is all according to a new American Jewish population estimate of the 48 contiguous U.S. states put out by Brandeis University’s Steinhardt Social Research Institute. The center published similar studies in 2012 and 2015. The study is based on data collected from approximately 150 independent surveys that sampled about 234,000 adults, including 5,300 Jews. Each estimate in the study comes with a range.

Židovi u Americi  su populacija koja je većinom "liberalna", ima visoko obrazovanje ( college educated)  i pretežno su "Bijelci". To je ustanovio  Brandeis University’s Steinhardt Social Research Institute istraživanjem u 48 američkih država, u 150 zasebnih anketa koje su obuhvatile oko 234.000 odraslih osoba uključivši 5.300 Židova. Slične studije su načinjene  1012 i 2015. godine.

Studija je obradila rezultate prema starosti, rasnom porijeklu, edukaciji i geografskoj lokaciji i drugim karakteristikama. Ima pet glavnih rezultata koje treba znati o Židovima u USA u 2019.godini:
 

  • Ima 7,5 milijuna Židova u USA  što predstavlja samo oko 2 % ukupne populacije.Oni su najveća Židovska zajednica na svijetu ( Izrael ima 6,7 milijuna Židova)
  • Ima  4,4 milijuna koji su  kazali da je njihova religija Židovska . Ima 1,5 milijuna koji se smatraju Židovi na osnovi porijekla ili drugih kriterija. 1,6 milijuna djece se podižu kao "Židovi".
  • Ima  1 Židov koji nije "bijel" na  više od 10  Židova.Ima oko 89% židova koji su  "bijeli" u ukupnoj židovskoj populaciji.Ima 2% crnaca, 5% "Hispanic" i 4% drugih. 
  • Američki Židovi su  neproporcionalno stariji, ima manje mlađe populacije 26% starijih od 65% ( u ukupnoj populaciji 20.6% )
  • Ima 41% starih Židova između 18 i 44 godine ( u ukupnoj populaciji 45,8%). U grupi od 18-24 godine ima 10,5% Židova.
  • Najviše starijih ima na Floridi, a najviše mladih u Utahu.


Jews across the country are liberal and vote for Democrats.
There are more than twice as many Jewish liberals (42 percent) as Jewish conservatives (20 percent). Moderates comprise 37 percent of Jews. As a whole, 38 percent of Americans identify as conservative and 24 percent as liberal.
The state with the largest Jewish population, by far, remains New York, with 1.5 million — or one in five Jewish Americans. Wyoming has the fewest Jews among the states with 2,200.
Across the country, 91 percent of American Jews live in the largest 40 metropolitan areas. Behind New York, the areas with the largest Jewish populations are Los Angeles (570,000), Southeast Florida (500,000), Chicago (340,000) and Boston (265,000).