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29.8.2013. 19:47
Židovi i vino
 
3000 B.C.E.
Remains of ancient wine presses dating back 5,000 years may be found today throughout Israel, from the Galilee to the Judean Hills and the Negev Desert. Archeologists have uncovered hundreds of jars for storing and transporting wine.


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500 B.C.E.
In the Book of Genesis, Noah plants the first vineyard and catches the world’s first buzz when he drank the wine (Genesis 9:20–21).


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330 B.C.E.
The author of Ecclesiastes says it all: “They make a banquet for revelry; wine makes life merry and money answers every need” (Ecclesiastes 10:19).


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73 B.C.E.
Romans in Palestine add spices and scents to improve the existing Jewish wine. They add honey, pepper, chalk, gypsum, lime, resin, herbs and even seawater.
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700 C.E.
Muslims conquer the Holy Land, ban drinking alcohol, and put an end to the party — and to a prosperous wine industry.
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800
Morocco’s Muslim rulers cede to Jews the craftsmanship and trade of precious metals as well as the making of wine and its sale. To this day, Morocco is the largest wine producer of all Muslim nations.


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1040
Almost all of the vineyards of Champagne, France, including one owned by the Biblical commentator Rashi’s family, are under Jewish patronage.
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1492
Forced out by the Inquisition, Sephardic winegrowers in Spain and Portugal bring wine making and marketing to North Africa and European cities.
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1827
Jewish philanthropist Sir Moses Montefiore visits the land of Israel seven times between 1827 and 1875. He funds two Jewish wineries in Jerusalem, Schorr and Teperberg, and the first Jewish agricultural school, Mikveh Israel, near Jaffa, which features an experimental vineyard planted with European vines.
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1848
The Herzog family winery is named royal wine supplier to the emperor of the Austro-Hungarian Empire, Franz Joseph, eventually earning Phillip Herzog (1843-1918) the royal title of baron.


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1875
British Prime Minister Benjamin Disraeli is given a bottle of kosher red wine from Palestine. After a few sips, Disraeli, a wine connoisseur, says it tastes “not so much like wine but more like what I expect to receive from my doctor as a remedy for a bad winter cough.”
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1882
Baron Edmond de Rothschild of Chateau Lafite contributes 60 million gold francs to develop vineyards and viticulture programs in the Holy Land. He builds two large wineries, one at Rishon le-Zion in 1889, and the other at Zichron Ya’akov in 1892.


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1888
Rabbi Dov Behr Abramson purchased the passport of a dead man named Manischewitz to gain passage to America. He settles in Cincinnati, Ohio, and begins baking matzah himself in his basement. Then comes win
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1899
The Schapiro Wine Co. is founded on New York’s Lower East Side with the unlikely name of California Valley Wine Co. The company celebrates its wine’s syrupy sweetness with the famous slogan, “Wine so thick you can almost cut it with a knife.”


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1906
Baron Rothschild sets up Societe Cooperative Vigneronne des Grandes Caves-Carmel, better known as Carmel Wine.
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1917
The Russian Revolution, the enactment of Prohibition in the United States, and Egypt’s ban of imported wines virtually destroy Israel’s fledgling wine industry.
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1948
Royal Wine Corp. started by the Pluczenik brothers, is sold to Eugene Herzog, who adds the Kedem name and turns it into the largest producer and distributor of kosher wines in the world.
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1960
Al Brounstein of Diamond Creek comes to Napa Valley. He pioneers the Valley’s focus on a single varietal wine, Cabernet Sauvignon.
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1967
Israel captures the Golan Heights from Syria in the Six-Day War — territory that within five years becomes the center for the rebirth of the Israeli wine industry.........



  

 

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