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10.11.2013. 16:10
Europa i antisemitizam
 

Anti-Semitism on the rise, survey among Jews in eight EU countries shows

by: Yossi Lempkowicz Updated: 08/Nov/2013 

Antisemitizam u porastu pokazalo je ispitivanje u osam Europskih zemalja




VIENNA (EJP)---Jews in eight EU countries say anti-Semitism is on the rise, according to the results of a survey conducted by the EU's Fundamental Rights Agency (FRA) and presented Friday in Vienna. The survey of almost 6,000 Jewish people, published on the eve of the 75th anniversary of the'Kristallnacht' pogroms against Jews in Germany and Austria, said 66% of those who responded considered anti-Semitism to be a problem. The survey was carried out in 2012 in eight countries which are home to about 90% of the EU's Jewish population : Belgium, France, Germany, Hungary, Italy, Latvia, Sweden and the United Kingdom.


FRA Director Morten Kjaerum/


Židovi u osam europskih zemalja su izjavili da je antisemitizam u porastu, prema rezultatima ankete koju je vodila EU "Agencija za fundamentalna prava" (FRA) i predstavila u petak u Beču. Istraživanje , u kojem je ispitano  gotovo 6.ooo Židova, publicirano je uoči 75-godišnjice "Kristalne noći",  pogroma u Austriji i Njemačkoj,  To je izjavilo 66%  ispitanika koji smatraju da je antisemitizam problem. Anketa je provedena  2012. godine u osam zemalja u kojima živi oko 90%  europske židovske populacije: Belgija, Francuska,Njemačka,Mađarska,Italija, Latvija,Švedska i Ujedinjeno Kraljevstvo..


Tri četvrtine ispitanika, 76%, smatra da se situacija pogoršava i da je antisemitizam porastao u posljednjih pet godina, Oni se plaše izjava preko interneta (online) i govora mržnje. U svim ispitanim zemljama antisemitski komentari , koji  se pojavljuju na internetu, su od primarne važnosti za ispitanike. Ti se rezultati trebaju uzeti vrlo ozbiljno. Oni postavljaju i drugo pitanje -kako efikasno zaštiti ljudska prava u sferi interneta,  u isto vrijeme kada se dopušta sloboda govora. Zaključak je da online ( preko interneta) antisemitizam može doprinijeti  da se Židovi plaše  da će biti žrtve kriminala zbog mržnje. 46%  ispitanika je zabrinuto da  bi mogli biti u javnosti verbalno napadnuti zbog toga što su Židovi.



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.One in five respondents (21%) had personally experienced at least one incident of anti-Semitic verbal insult or harassment and/or a physical attack in the year before the survey. Perpetrators of the most serious anti-Semitic incidents are described by respondents as being perceived as someone withMuslim extremist views (27%), left-wing political views (22%) or with right-wing views (19%).

23% said that they occasionally avoid visiting Jewish events or sites because they do not feel safe there or on the way there becaue they are Jewish.

The survey also found 29% of those surveyed had considered emigrating because of concerns about safety, with particularly high figures recorded in Hungary (48%), France (46%) and Belgium (40%).

FRA Director Morten Kjaerum said :''I think that there is across Europe... a traditional form of anti-Semitism that goes back in history for a long time,.''"But then we also see a particular sort of anti-Semitism reported by the respondents, namely the anti-Semitism which comes out of the conflict in the Middle East. ..

The European Jewish Congress (EJC), which cooperated in this survey, called on European leaders and institutions to seriously study the results and take appropriate action.....

The  Surcey mentioned as ''particularly alarming'' the fact that, according to the survey, 38 % of the respondents said they avoid displaying symbols identifying them as Jews in public. It also mentioned that according to the survey results, the prohibition of traditional Jewish practices would be a big problem for a majority of all respondents. 76% saw prohibition of circumcision as a problem, 58% said the same about the ritual slaughter.

“Anti-semitism in Europe is at its greatest peak since the end of the Second World War and there are now places on the continent whereJews can no longer live and many others where no outward expressions of Jewishness are tolerated,” said Shimon Ohayon, who is the Chairman of the Knesset Lobby for the Struggle Against Anti-Semitism.....



  

 

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