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Novosti News

11.8.2019. 16:39
Tisha Be’Av
7 tragedies that befell the Jewish people on 9 Tisha Be’Av ( 10/11 kolovoz 2019) 

Židovi vjeruju da se na Tisha Be'Av dogodilo 7 tragedija

By Ilanit Chernick , August 10, 2019 21:16

1 The spies returned from the Land of Israel with a bad report 
"Uhode" koje je Mojsije poslao u zemlju Izraela su se vratili sa "lošim" izvještajem 

2 Destruction of the First Temple 
  Rušenje  Prvog hrama  

The First Temple, built by King Solomon, was destroyed by the Babylonians on the 9th of Av in either 421 BCE or 423 BCE. The destruction was led by Nebuchadnezzar II, who attacked and besieged Jerusalem. Nebuchadnezzar’s army plundered the Temple and then set fire it on fire.. Gold, silver and many of the holy vessels used in the Temple were taken to Babylon. At least 100,000 Jews were massacred and many remaining Jews were forced into exile in Babylon, which is present day Iraq. This exile lasted 70 years, and brought an end to the autonomous rule of the Jewish people over Israel.

3 Destruction of the Second Temple
    Rušenje Drugog Hrama 

The Second Temple, which was built in 349 BCE, stood for more than 400 years. It was destroyed in 70 CE by the Romans, Emperor Titus. He and his armies besieged Jerusalem and as a result more than 2 million Jews living in the city died from disease, starvation or were murdered when the Roman armies entered the city. On Tisha Be'Av it culminated in a final battle..Although Titus purportedly ordered that the Temple not be burned, his soldiers set it alight later that day. Then, the Romans brought idols into what was left of the Second Temple and offered up sacrifices to their gods. The holy vessels and any gold found were stolen by the Romans, as well.More than 1 million Jews were forced into exile in Rome, which led to today's Diaspora. It’s also believed that between 80,000 and 100,000 Jews were sold into slavery.

4   The expulsion of the Jews from England in 1290
      Istjerivanje Židova iz Engleske 1290. godine

5  The expulsion of the Jews from Spain in 1490
     Istjerivanje Židova iz Španjolske 1490

6  World War I begins
    Počinje I. Svjetski rat

7  Treblinka death camp begins operating and start of  deportations from the Warsaw Ghetto
    Počinje radom Treblinka- logor smrti i počinje deportacija iz  Varšavskog  geta