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11.2.2011. 18:28
Anti-semitski ispadi u Velikoj Britaniji

Prenosimo članak o anti-semitskim ispadima u prošloj godini u Velikoj Britaniji
                       Friday,February 11, 2011 ,7 Adar I, 5771

639 anti-Semitic incidents recorded in Britain last year, 2nd highest annual total since 1984
by: Henri Stein, Updated: 07/Feb/2011 12:29

LONDON (EJP)---639 anti-Semitic incidents were recorded in Britain by the Community Security Trust (CST) in its 2010 report.

According to the charity organization, this is the second-highest annual total since CST began recording anti-Semitic incidents in 1984.
The total of 639 incidents is a decrease of 31 per cent from the 2009record high of 9261 incidents.

The year 2009 saw a record number of anti-Semitic incidents as a consequence of reactions to the Gaza conflict at the beginning of that year, which acted as a ‘trigger event’ affecting the incident totals for January, February and March 2009. Despite the drop, incidents were 17 per cent higher than the 2008 figure of 546 and 15 per cent higher than 2006, which previously held the highest number of incidents, caused by reactions to the second Lebanon war.

According to the CST report, the only significant trigger event in 2010 occurred when Israeli forces boarded a flotilla of ships carrying pro-Palestinian activists who were trying to break the Israeli naval blockade of Gaza. Nine activists were killed during the subsequent on-board clashes.

Reactions to this episode led to a monthly total of 81 anti-Semitic incidents in the UK in June 2010, compared to 49 in June 2009, when there was no comparable trigger event.

Most of last year's incidents happened near Jewish communities in London, Manchester, Hertfordshire and Leeds.
Incidents in Greater Manchester reached a record high this year with 216 reported which were, for the first time, roughly similar to the 219 incidents recorded in Greater London, 219.

Mark Gardner, Director of Communications of the CST, said: "Anti-Semitism is not the most important thing in British Jewish life, but there is clearly a significant problem. The CST, police, politicians and Government will keep working in close partnership to tackle anti-Semitism and its wider causes of bigotry and extremism."

John Mann MP, chair of the All-Party Parliamentary Group Against Anti-Semitism, said: “These figures are a sad and timely reminder of how important our continuing campaigns are.
“Our focus is absolute and we will continue to do all we can to ensure these numbers are down over the coming years.”

The highest monthly total last year was 82 anti-Semitic incidents in September, coinciding with celebration of the Jewish High Holidays of Rosh Hashana and Yom Kippur.
There were 114 violent anti-Semitic assaults, 83 incidents of damage and desecration of Jewish property, 385 incidents of abusive behaviour, including verbal abuse, anti-Semitic graffiti and one-off cases of hate mail, 32 direct anti-Semitic threats, and 25 cases of mass-mailed antisemitic leaflets and emails.

The report finds that while the increase partly reflects better reporting rates, “There is a long-term trend of rising numbers of anti-Semitic incidents across Britain since the late 1990s.”

But it also notes: “Despite the correlation between trigger events overseas and antisemitic incident levels in the UK, it would be a mistake to assume that this alone explains why anti-Semitic incidents happen.”

Assaults included one against a rabbi and his two sons, who were attacked by a group of three white men and one white woman who punched him to the ground in London in May. He required eight stitches in his head. A man in Manchester was punched to the ground by a group of 15 to 20 white men as he walked to synagogue in August.

In another incident, a builder who learned he was working on a Jewish family's home, told the householder: "Oh, I hate Jews, I'd like to kill the lot of you. If I had been in World War II, I would have gladly put you all in the gas ovens."

Among the acts of vandalism, homes or Jewish community property were daubed with swastikas. In Worcester, someone daubed the word "Jew" on a pavement, accompanied by an arrow pointing towards a drain.


Campus-related incidents have dropped to 44 from 97 in 2009, and 68 in 2008. A total of 111 incidents involved synagogues and their congregants and 58 incidents involved schools, schoolchildren and teachers.

The CST said that where it had established something of the perpetrator's identity, 47% were white, 29% were Asian, 10% were Arab, 7% were black and 6% were Eastern European.

There was a 46 per cent fall in the number of anti-Semitic incidents showing political motivation, from 442 in 2009 to 234 in 2010. Of the 234 anti-Semitic incidents in 2010 showing political motivation as well as anti-Semitism, 149 showed extreme-right motivation, 53 showed anti-Zionist motivation and 32 showed Islamist motivation.



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